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Readings about Inclusion


Inclusion & Public Policy

This article first appeared in the fall 2009 issue of the MCCA’s Child Care Bridges.

Disability and Inclusion: changing attitudes-changing policy

Debra Mayer MA  Director, SpeciaLink. This chapter appears in the recently published Beyond Child’s Play: Caring for and educating young children in Canada  Our Schools/ Our Selves, Spring 2009 (vol. 18, no. 3, #95) published by the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, Ottawa.

As we move towards the end of the first decade of the 21 st century, Canadian families continue to be stymied by the lack of a national early learning and care system, and policy makers continue to be confounded by the concept of a “rights based” rationale for children’s entitlement to early learning services separate from their parents employment status. Read more...


Inclusion of children with disabilities: the early childhood imperative
UNESCO Policy Brief on Early Childhood supporting the idea that early childhood education and care is a powerful means of nurturing diverse abilities. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0018/001831/183156E.pdf



Rune J. Simeonsson, School of Education and FPG Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill http://siteresources.worldbank.org/DISABILITY/Resources/280658-1172613258997/EarlyChildhoodSimeonsson.pdf

New DEC/NAEYC Joint Position Statement on Early Childhood Inclusion

The Division for Early Childhood and the National Association for the Education of Young Children have recently approved a joint position statement that underscores their commitment to quality early childhood inclusion. Early Childhood Inclusion: A Joint Position Statement of the Division for Early Childhood (DEC) and the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) takes a historic step by providing a shared national definition of inclusion as “the values, policies, and practices that support the right of every infant and young child and his or her family, regardless of ability, to participate in a broad range of activities and contexts as full members of families, communities, and society.” http://www.naeyc.org/about/positions/pdf/DEC_NAEYC_ECSummary.pdf

Lessons in Learning: Does placement matter? Comparing the academic performance of students with special needs in inclusive and separate settings
Statistics Canada reports that in 2006, 4.6% of 5- to 14-year-old students had some kind of disability. As well, recent data from the British Columbia and Ontario ministries of education indicate that students with designated special educational needs comprise close to 9% of the primary and secondary school population. Despite a widespread trend toward inclusion of students with special needs in mainstream classrooms and a widely held belief in the social and emotional advantages of inclusion, the academic consequences of educating students with special needs in inclusive rather than separate settings remain contested.
Go to article

The National Center for Learning Disabilities (NCLD) has released a new report entitled Roadmap to Pre-K RTI: Applying Response to Intervention in Preschool Settings (2009), by Mary Ruth Coleman, Tracey West, and Froma Roth. The report provides information on key components of Response to Intervention (RTI) frameworks in preschool settings, how they relate to RTI in K-12 settings, examples of early models in the field (CO, DC, FL, IL, KS and MD), and resources for implementation and policy recommendations. It is available online at http://www.rtinetwork.org/images/stories/learn/roadmaptoprekrti.pdf

Changes in the characteristics, services and performance of preschoolers with disabilities from 2003-04 to 2004-05
Report from the Institute of Education Sciences (U.S.) examining preschoolers with disabilities, services they received, and their transition to and performances in school over time.

Fighting aggression in preschoolers
Early Learning Prevents Youth Violence highlights the importance of early intervention to reduce aggression and help every child reach his or her full potential. This report was prepared by the Centre of Excellence for Early Childhood Development, with financial support from CCL's Early Childhood Learning Knowledge Centre.

It’s about ability
A new book from UNICEF and the Victor Pineda Foundation which explains the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities for children.

Leave no child behind! Social exclusion and child development (PDF)

Social inclusion as solidarity: Rethinking the child rights agenda (PDF)

Social inclusion through early childhood education and care by Martha

Youth with Disabilities in the Foster Care System: Barriers to Success and Proposed Policy Solutions
At least one-third of children in foster care have physical or mental disabilities and are at higher risk for poor educational, employment and well-being outcomes. This report from the National Council on Disability finds that federal investments are undercut by lack of coordination across programs and agencies. It offers recommendations for policymakers.

Children and Disabilities: Written Statement for the Human Rights Council
Written Statement prepared by World Vision for the 4th session of the Human Rights Council (2007). The statement is submitted in light of the recently adopted UN Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities.

Early Education and Special Needs in the First Nations and Inuit Communities – Rogers, D Rowell, 2007

Education Matters: Insights on education, learing and training in Canada
February 2007, volume 3 number 5
Educational services and the disabled child– which services are most needed and used, and what barriers may get in the way of obtaining such services.

Provincial and Territorial Approaches to Inclusion

Saying Yes to inclusion
Canadian Council on Social Development, Perception, Vol 27, No. 1&2. 2004

Policy and Practice Issues for the Successful Inclusion of Children with Disabilities in Early Childhood Programs
Sharon Hope Irwin, Donna S. Lero and Kathy Brophy

Sharon Hope Irwin, Keynote Address to the CACL Summit on Inclusive Education –plenary: Challenges & Opportunities Ottawa, November 26, 2004

Child Care Inclusion in Canada: Advances at Risk
by Sharon Hope Irwin in TRANSITION MAGAZINE Spring 2002 VOL. 32 NO. 1
Families Living with Disability

Sharon Hope Irwin, Including All Children
This article first appeared in Interaction (Winter 1997), published by the Canadian Child Care Federation.

Louise Hanvey: Children with Disabilities and Their Families in Canada
Commissioned by the National Children’s Alliance for the First National Roundtable on Children with Disabilities; November, 2002

The Health of Canada’s Children: A CICH Profile

Meeting the needs of children and adolescents with special needs in rural and northern Canada
Summary Report of a Roundtable for Canadian Policy-makers by Canadian Policy Research Networks & Centre of Excellence for Children and Adolescents with Special Needs

What do we mean by Inclusion? / Qu’entend-on par intégration?
Child Care Advocacy Association of Canada

Fact Sheet #18 - Children with Special Needs
Voices for Children

'Inclusive Community Organizations: A Tool Kit'
The Ontario Healthy Communities Coalition recently produced a took kit, which is a quide to support diversity and improve inclusion within small to mid-sized, volunteer-based, not-for-profit organizations. Click here and follow the instructions to get to the document.

Report of the Technical Advisory Committee on Tax Measures for Persons with Disabilities
This document provides guidelines for the Government of Canada to follow in order to make the tax system fairer for persons with disabilities and those who care for them. Click here to find out more. [January 25, 2005]

Guide for Women on Identifying and Maximizing Power in Today's Political Systems
Woman Power & Politics, by Kira Heinek (2003),
published by The Ontario and Toronto Coalitions for Better Child. This guide for women on identifying and maximizing power in today's political systems looks through the lens of child care as it influences women's lives. Woman Power & Politics invites women to participate in politics, take opportunities and determine their future regarding areas such as education, poverty and domestic violence."
Complete Book (pdf, 211k, 40 pages)

Inclusiveness - the proportion of children from special populations that are included in ECEC settings and the readiness of the settings to meet their unique needs.

Michael Bach: Agenda for Action: Policy Directions for Children with Disabilities and Their Families. Roeher Institute

Child Care Resource & Research Unit:

Heather Mohay and Emma Reid 2007. The inclusion of children with a disability in child care: The influence of experience, training and attitudes of childcare staff The Australian Journal of Early Childhood , Early Childhood Australia.

National Professional Development Center on Inclusion, 2007. Research Synthesis Points On Early Childhood Inclusion

Chapter 9, Young Children with Disabilities — An Overview
Human Resources and Social Development Canada, the Public Health
Agency of Canada and Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. 2006

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